The Golden temple of Amritsar also known as Darbar Sahib or Harmandir Sahib is a holy Sikh Gurdwara (worship place). The development of this Gurdwara was started by Sikh guru Ram Das and finished by his heir, Guru Arjan Dev.
In the year of 1604, Guru Arjan Dev completed the composition of holy book of Sikhs- Adi Granth, and kept and worshiped in the Gurdwara. During mid 17th century, Amritsar city and the Gurdwara was under the arms of great Mughal or Afghan reigns causing aggressive havoc to the Sikhs.
During 19th century, Sikh King Ranjit Singh secured the Punjab area from invaders; outer surfaces were plated with precious gold metal that gave a unique look and thus named as Golden Temple, thereafter.
It was the sincere efforts of King Jassa S. Ahluwalia (1718- 1783) who started first renovation of the Golden temple in 1764. Thereafter, his descendant King Ranjit Singh did great service during his reign of gold plating on the Gurdwara. The inner area was also modified with jewels.
Architecturally, holy Darbar Sahib has exclusive construction impacts mixing Islamic, ancient Hindu and Western design concepts.
The Golden Temple begins its day with an opening ritual called ‘Prakash’ or light. During dawn, the Guru Granth Sahib is taken as a procession on the back drop of ritual songs and bugle from his bedroom. He is carried in a flower covered palki and placed at the sanctum.
A page is randomly picked from the Holy Granth and is read out loud and then written for the pilgrims to read rest of the day.
Closing Ritual is called as Sukhasan (comfortable position – sleeping). In the same style of morning ceremony, a procession with Guru Granth Sahib on a palki is taken back to his bedroom with chanting. The bedroom is called as ‘Akal Takht’, situated on the first floor. The scripture is tucked in the bed and the temple is closed for the day.
How to reach
It is situated in the holy city Amritsar, Punjab state. This temple is near to Amritsar Junction (ASR) Railway station and Bus Stand.
Sri Guru Ram Das Jee International Airport (ATQ) is 11 kms away from Amritsar city that has domestic and international flights
Style : Sikh Architecture
|Contact Person||Designation||Contact Number|
|Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee||President||0183-2553950(O)|
|Sri Akal Takht Sahib||Jathedar||0183-2540820(O)|
|Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee||Secretary||0183-2553951-56(O)|
|Dharam Parchar Committee||0183-2553952(O)|
|Sri Darbar Sahib, Sri Amritsar||Manager||0183-2553953(O)|
|Sri Darbar Sahib, Sri Amritsar||Information Officer||0183-2553954(o)|